Buffalo, the third in size of the cities of New York State, with (1890) 255, 664 inhab., lies at the E. end of Lake Erie, at the mouth of the Buffalo River and head of the Niagara River, 20 M. above the Niagara Falls. IT is well built, and many of its wide streets are shaded with trees and smoothly paved with asphalt.
The name of the city is supposed to be derived from the herds of buffalo which frequented the creek here entering the lake. The first dwelling for a white man was erected here in 1971, but it was not till after the construction of the Erie Canal in 1825 that the place increased with an great rapidity. Between 1880 and 1890 it added 100,000 souls to its population. The commerce of Buffalo is very great, as its situation makes it an emporium for much of the traffic with the great North-West. Its lake-harbour is safe and capacious, and it has several miles of waterfront. Lumber, grain, coal (5-6 million tons), and cattle are among the chief articles of trade. The grain elevators have an aggregate capacity of 13-14 million bushels. The industries of Buffalo include brewing...oil-refining, car-building, and the manufacture of metal goods, soap, and starch. They employ 55,000 hands, while their produce in 1890 was valued at $101,000,000. The population includes a large proportion of Germans and many Poles and Italians.
Lake Erie (485 ft.), the second (counting from the E.) of the chain of Great Lakes between the United States and Canada, is 290 M. long and 65 M. wide. It is by far the shallowest of all, having an average depth of only 84ft. It communicates with Lake Huron by the Detroit River and pours its waters into Lake Ontario by the Niagara River. It is the scene of a very busy navigation. The first vessel to navigate the lake was built on the Niagara River by La Salle in 1679, and the first steamboat was launched in 1818.
To reach Main St. from the Union Depot, we proceed to the left (W.). Following Main St. to the right (N.), we soon reach the Weed Block(Gone), at the corner of Swan St., in which President Cleveland lived when in Buffalo. On the left is St. Paul's Church, one of the most successful Gothic churches in America. A little back from the church, fronting on Franklin St., is the substantial City Hall, with a tower 200 ft. high(Gone, but there is a newer City Hall Building in Niagara Square with nice Art Deco mosaics). To the right, at the corner of Eagle St., is the imposing Iroquois Hotel(Sadly gone). A little farther on the street crosses Lafayette Square, with a War Monument. Here, to the right, at the corner of Broadway, stands the handsome Public Library, which contains 65,000 vols. and various collections.
Weed Block may gone...but here is a statue of Cleveland.
St. Paul's Church
The War Monument
Here is a picture of the Old Library. It is no longer there, but I wish it was... because the guidebook continues: The spacious Reading Room on the ground-floor contains E. A. Poe's watch and a very interesting Collection of autograph MSS. (Howells, G. E. Craddock, etc). In once case is a Manual of Arithmetic published at Raleigh, N. C., during the Civil War (1863), open at a curious example. On the first floor is the Fine Arts Academy, with a picture-gallery. --- The Buffalo Historical Society (second floor) has interesting collections of relics. --- In the basement is the museum of the Society of Natural Sciences. Opposite the Public Library is the Grosvenor Library (40,000 vols). I would've totally wanted to see some of these things! They may actually be in the new building...but I didn't go in. My bad, yes.
At the corner of Niagara St. stand the Erie Co. Savings Bank(surprisingly gone). Main St. then intersects the wide Genesee Street. To the left, 1/2 M. farther on, at the corners of Edward St., are the large Music Hall(gone) and the R. C. Church of St. Louis.
The finest residence-street in Buffalo is Deleware Avenue, which begins at Niagara Square and runs to the W. of and parallel with Main St.
At the corner of Niagara Sq. and Delaware Ave. is the house of President Millard Fillmore (1800-74), now a boarding-house.
This is not a boarding-house, but it is on the site. It is apparently owned by the Hilton, but there's nothing going on inside or outside... it's practically abandoned, but looks nice. However... here is a statue of Fillmore.
Among the other buildings in the street are St. Joseph's College, cor. of Church St.; the Methodist Episcopal Church, cor. of Tupper St.; Trinity Church, between Tupper and Edward Sts.; and the Synagogue, between Allen and North Sts.
Trinity Church is all I could find...so taa daa!
Thanks for reading all this!